Hawaii 514B Condominiums and Title 23 - 414D-104.5
Written by: Anonymous
Short title. This chapter may be cited as the Condominium Property Act. [L 2004, c 164, pt of §2]
§514B-123 Association meetings; voting; proxies. (a) If only one of several owners of a unit is present at a meeting of the association, that owner is entitled to cast all the votes allocated to that unit. If more than one of the owners is present, the votes allocated to that unit may be cast only in accordance with the agreement of a majority in interest of the owners, unless the declaration or bylaws expressly provide otherwise. There is majority agreement if any one of the owners casts the votes allocated to that unit without protest being made by any of the other owners of the unit to the person presiding over the meeting before the polls are closed.
(b) Votes allocated to a unit may be cast pursuant to a proxy duly executed by a unit owner. A unit owner may vote by mail or electronic transmission through a duly executed proxy. If a unit is owned by more than one person, each owner of the unit may vote or register protest to the casting of votes by the other owners of the unit through a duly executed proxy. In the absence of protest, any owner may cast the votes allocated to the unit by proxy. A unit owner may revoke a proxy given pursuant to this section only by actual notice of revocation to the secretary of the association or the managing agent. A proxy is void if it purports to be revocable without notice.
(c) No votes allocated to a unit owned by the association may be cast for the election or reelection of directors; provided that, notwithstanding section 514B-106(b) or any provision in an association's declaration or bylaws to the contrary, in a mixed-use project containing units for residential and nonresidential use, where the board is comprised of directors elected by owners of residential units and directors elected by owners of nonresidential units, the association, acting by and through its board, may cast the vote or votes allocated to any nonresidential unit owned by the association in any election of one or more directors where those eligible to vote in the election are limited to owners of one or more nonresidential units, which includes the nonresidential unit owned by the association.
(d) A proxy, to be valid, shall:
(1)Be delivered to the secretary of the association or the managing agent, if any, no later than 4:30 p.m. on the second business day prior to the date of the meeting to which it pertains; and
(2)Contain at least the name of the association, the date of the meeting of the association, the printed names and signatures of the persons giving the proxy, the unit numbers for which the proxy is given, the names of persons to whom the proxy is given, and the date that the proxy is given.
(e) If a proxy is a standard proxy form authorized by the association, the proxy shall comply with the following additional requirements:
(1) The proxy shall contain boxes wherein the owner may indicate that the proxy is given:
(A)For quorum purposes only;
(B)To the individual whose name is printed on a line next to this box;
(C)To the board as a whole and that the vote is to be made on the basis of the preference of the majority of the directors present at the meeting; or
(D)To those directors present at the meeting with the vote to be shared with each director receiving an equal percentage;
provided that if the proxy is returned with no box or more than one of the boxes in subparagraphs (A) through (D) checked, the proxy shall be counted for quorum purposes only; and
(2) The proxy form shall also contain a box wherein the owner may indicate that the owner wishes to obtain a copy of the annual audit report required by section 514B‑150.
(f) A proxy shall only be valid for the meeting to which the proxy pertains and its adjournments, may designate any person as proxy, and may be limited as the unit owner desires and indicates; provided that no proxy shall be irrevocable unless coupled with a financial interest in the unit.
(g) A copy, facsimile telecommunication, or other reliable reproduction of a proxy may be used in lieu of the original proxy for any and all purposes for which the original proxy could be used; provided that any copy, facsimile telecommunication, or other reproduction shall be a complete reproduction of the entire original proxy.
(h) Nothing in this section shall affect the holder of any proxy under a first mortgage of record encumbering a unit or under an agreement of sale affecting a unit.
(i) With respect to the use of association funds to distribute proxies:
(1)Any board that intends to use association funds to distribute proxies, including the standard proxy form referred to in subsection (e), shall first post notice of its intent to distribute proxies in prominent locations within the project at least twenty-one days before its distribution of proxies. If the board receives within seven days of the posted notice a request by any owner for use of association funds to solicit proxies accompanied by a statement, the board shall mail to all owners either:
(A)A proxy form containing the names of all owners who have requested the use of association funds for soliciting proxies accompanied by their statements; or
(B)A proxy form containing no names, but accompanied by a list of names of all owners who have requested the use of association funds for soliciting proxies and their statements.
The statement, which shall be limited to black text on white paper, shall not exceed one single-sided 8‑1/2" x 11" page, indicating the owner's qualifications to serve on the board or reasons for wanting to receive proxies; and
(2)A board or member of the board may use association funds to solicit proxies as part of the distribution of proxies. If a member of the board, as an individual, seeks to solicit proxies using association funds, the board member shall proceed as a unit owner under paragraph (1).
(j) No managing agent or resident manager, or their employees, shall solicit, for use by the managing agent or resident manager, any proxies from any unit owner of the association that retains the managing agent or employs the resident manager, nor shall the managing agent or resident manager cast any proxy vote at any association meeting except for the purpose of establishing a quorum.
(k) No board shall adopt any rule prohibiting the solicitation of proxies or distribution of materials relating to association matters on the common elements by unit owners; provided that a board may adopt rules regulating reasonable time, place, and manner of the solicitations or distributions, or both. [L 2004, c 164, pt of §2; am L 2006, c 273, §20; am L 2017, c 71, §4 and c 73, §2]
TITLE 23. CORPORATIONS AND PARTNERSHIPS 414D. Hawaii Nonprofit Corporations Act 414D-104.5 Action by ballot.
§414D-104.5 Action by ballot. (a) Except as otherwise restricted by the articles of incorporation or bylaws of a corporation, any action that may be taken at any annual, regular, or special meeting of members may be taken without a meeting if the corporation delivers a ballot to every member entitled to vote on the matter. The corporation may deliver ballots by electronic transmission.
(b) A ballot shall:
(1) Be either in written form or in the form of an electronic transmission;
(2) Set forth each proposed action;
(3) Provide an opportunity to vote for or withhold a vote for each candidate for election as a director or officer; and
(4) Provide an opportunity to vote for or against each proposed action.
(c) Approval by ballot pursuant to this section shall be valid only if:
(1) The number of votes cast by ballot equals or exceeds the quorum required to be present at a meeting to authorize the action; and
(2) The number of affirmative votes equals or exceeds the number of affirmative votes for approval that would be required to approve the action at a meeting.
(d) All solicitations for votes by ballot shall:
(1) Indicate the number of responses needed to meet the quorum requirements;
(2) State the percentage of approvals necessary to approve each action; and
(3) Specify the time by which a ballot shall be received by the corporation in order to be counted.
(e) Except as otherwise provided in the articles of incorporation or bylaws of the corporation, a ballot shall not be revoked. [L 2011, c 37, §2; am L 2012, c 58, §8]